Nelson Mandela : Imprisoned 27 years, 18 years on Robben Island. Arrested 1962 with help of CIA tip. Sharpeville Massacre 1960 – police shoot 69 people. This ends Mandela’s peaceful resistance and his entry into the armed front of the ANC (Umkhonto we Sizwe). Mandela was released 1990, after rejecting an offer for freedom 1985 if he would give up armed struggle. He was elected 1994 as president of SA, first in a multi-ethnic vote. 90 years old. married 3 times. Co-winner of 1993 Nobel peace prize with his opposite number, De Klerk.
F W De Klerk president of South Africa at the end of apartheid. De Klerk actively aided and was a positive influence in the transfer of power to the 79% majority black south Africans. Co-winner of 1993 Nobel peace prize with Mandela.
Bishop Desmond Tutu: born 1931, Anglican cleric, fought against apartheid, disease and homophobia. Winner 1984 Nobel peace prize.
Albert Lutuli is the least well known of the four. Son of a Seventh Day Adventist farther, reluctantly elected chief of his tribe, President of the African National Congress, and anti-apartheid activist Lutuli won the Nobel peace prize in 1960 in recognition of his struggle against an unjust government.
South Africa composed of 49 million people over470,000 sq miles (1.2 Million sq. km) or a little smaller than England and France combined. There are 11 official languages: English 5th most popular and Afrikaans is alive an well.
Terry’s take on the artwork: beautiful sculptures, I think capturing something of the soul of each man although I’m unable to match the historical photos of F W De Klerk with this statue. Tutu’s bronze is a study in body language – accurately embodying the man. Mandela’s peacefulness (to me) comes through clearly and distinctly. I cannot speak of Lutuli but he seems rendered a peaceful, elegant man.
Here’s the square with the four South African Nobel peace prize winners commemorated in bronze: located in the Victoria and Albert Waterfront Wikipedia.
TIP – Hover the mouse/pointer/cursor over the picture for a bit more info.